Use this hundred square activity to introduce your children to the math concept of multiples in a way they can really see the concept at work.

## Multiples activity for children

In this activity, taken from our *Fun Mat*h curriculum, children can develop their understanding of the math concept of multiples by using a hundred square to looks for patterns.

This is a visual way to explore math, helping children build a deeper understanding of how numbers have patterns and overlap.

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## In this activity, your children can:

:: develop their understanding of multiples

:: understand that a number can be a multiple of more than one number

## Materials needed

:: a hundred square printable for each child (which is included in the Printables section of the *Fun Math *curriculum)

:: blue and yellow pencils

## Introducing multiples

Assuming your children have been introduced to the three times table and the four times table, you can use our block activity to introduce the concept of multiples.

Multiples are an extension of addition and multiplication. They are the same as times tables but extend beyond the ‘12 x’ that we usually learn up to.

So, the multiples of 2 are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36…….

The multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 51, 54, 57….

Now let’s look at multiples on the hundred square to develop our understanding and see if any numbers can be multiples of ** both** 3 and 4.

## How to use a hundred square to learn about multiples

Each child will need a paper one hundred square (not laminated) and a blue and a yellow-coloured pencil.

Use pencils rather than pens so the numbers are still visible when the rectangles are coloured in.

Invite your children to colour in blue all the numbers on the hundred square that are multiples of 3.

What patterns do you see? Can you predict which number you will colour after 36? After that? After that?

Then colour all the multiples of 4 in yellow. What pattern do you see?

Once you get passed the four times table sequence you have committed to memory, can you predict which numbers to colour in next?

Which numbers have you coloured in twice and turned green? These green numbers are all multiples of both 3 and 4.

Write down a list of these numbers.

Can you identify any numbers in this list that are multiples of other numbers too?

Can you see any multiples of 5? Or 10?

You can use another coloured pencil to colour in more multiple sequences if you wish.

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